Healthline Medical Reviews

Janumet and Janumet XR: Side Effects and Their Treatments

If you have type 2 diabetes, your doctor might suggest Janumet or Janumet XR as a treatment option for you. They’re both prescription drugs used along with diet and exercise to treat type 2 diabetes in adults. Janumet and Janumet XR both come in the form of a tablet you swallow. They contain the active ingredients sitagliptin and metformin. (An active ingredient is what makes a drug work.) Janumet is typically taken twice per day, while Janumet XR is usually taken once per day. This is because J

Harvoni: Cost, Side Effects, Dosage, and More

If you have hepatitis C, your doctor may recommend treatment with Harvoni. It’s a prescription medication used to treat certain forms of hepatitis C in adults and some children. To learn more about how Harvoni is used to treat hepatitis C, see the section titled “Is Harvoni used for hepatitis C?” below. Harvoni contains two active drugs: ledipasvir and sofosbuvir. (An active drug is an ingredient that makes a medication work.) Harvoni isn’t available as a generic drug. Harvoni comes as tablets t

Tagrisso: Side Effects, Cost, Uses, and More

If you have a certain type of lung cancer, your doctor may prescribe Tagrisso. It’s used to treat specific kinds of non-small cell lung cancer in adults. For more details about Tagrisso’s uses, see the “Is Tagrisso used for lung cancer?” section below. The active drug in Tagrisso is osimertinib. A generic version of the drug is not currently available. Tagrisso comes as a tablet that you swallow. Keep reading to learn more about Tagrisso’s side effects, cost, uses, and more. Like most drugs, Ta

Orilissa: Side Effects, Cost, Uses, and More

If you have endometriosis that causes you moderate or severe pain, your doctor may suggest treatment with Orilissa. Endometriosis is a condition that causes tissue normally found lining the uterus to grow in your belly, outside the uterus. Orilissa is prescribed for adults to treat moderate or severe pain caused by endometriosis. Because of the risk of bone loss, you shouldn’t take Orilissa for more than 24 months. But in some cases, your doctor may recommend that you only take it for 6 months.

Cabometyx: Side Effects, Cost, Dosage, and More

If you have a certain kind of cancer, your doctor may prescribe Cabometyx for you. It’s a prescription drug that’s used in adults to treat: Cabometyx can also be used to treat DTC in children ages 12 years and older. To learn more about the drug’s uses, see the “What is Cabometyx used for?” section below. Cabometyx comes as a tablet that you swallow whole. You’ll take it either at least 1 hour before or at least 2 hours after you eat. The active ingredient in Cabometyx is cabozantinib. The activ

NovoLog: Side Effects, Cost, Dosage, and More

If you have diabetes, your doctor may suggest NovoLog as a treatment option for you. It’s a type of fast-acting insulin used to manage blood sugar levels in adults and children with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is a condition that causes high blood sugar. If not treated, high blood sugar levels can lead to problems in other parts of your body, such as your heart, kidneys, and nerves. NovoLog contains the active ingredient insulin aspart. (An active ingredient is what makes a drug work.) N

Orgovyx: Side Effects, Cost, Use for Prostate Cancer, and More

If you have prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend treatment with Orgovyx. Orgovyx is a prescription medication used to treat advanced prostate cancer in adults. Orgovyx contains the active drug relugolix. An active drug is an ingredient that makes a medication work. It’s not available as a generic drug. Orgovyx comes as tablets that you swallow. Read on to learn more about Orgovyx, including its side effects, cost, how it’s used to treat prostate cancer, and more. What are some frequently

Hydrea: Side Effects and How to Manage Them

If you have a certain kind of cancer, your doctor might suggest Hydrea as a treatment option for you. Hydrea is a prescription medication that’s used in adults with either of the following conditions: • Resistant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). “Resistant” means a past treatment for the cancer worked at first, but the cancer is no longer responding to it. • Locally advanced head and neck cancer (excluding lip cancer). For this purpose, Hydrea is taken along with other chemotherapy drugs and radi

Spravato Dosage: Form, Strength, How to Take, and More

If you have a certain kind of depression, your doctor might suggest Spravato as part of a treatment plan for you. It’s a prescription medication for treating the following conditions in adults: The active ingredient in Spravato is esketamine. (The active ingredient is what makes the drug work.) Spravato is a kind of antidepressant. Specifically, it belongs to a group of drugs called NMDA receptor blockers. Spravato is a nasal (nose) spray. You’ll give Spravato to yourself with direct guidance fr

Tukysa Side Effects: What They Are and How to Manage Them

If you have breast cancer, your doctor might suggest Tukysa as a treatment option for you. It’s a prescription medication used to treat certain kinds of HER2-positive breast cancer in adults. For this use, Tukysa is prescribed with two other cancer drugs: It’s usually taken as long as possible. Treatment may last until you have side effects that you can’t tolerate, or the cancer spreads. The active ingredient in Tukysa is tucatinib. An active ingredient is what makes a drug work. Tucatinib is a

Cabenuva: Cost, Side Effects, Uses, and More

Is Cabenuva used for HIV? Cabenuva is a brand-name medication prescribed for HIV in adults. HIV is a virus that attacks your immune system. It’s spread through bodily fluids, including blood, semen, breast milk, and vaginal or rectal fluids. Without treatment, it’s likely to develop into AIDS. This is a condition which causes your immune system to become too weak to defend your body against infection. There currently isn’t a cure for HIV. But with proper medical care, such as treatment with Cabe

Humulin N: Side Effects and How to Manage Them

If you have diabetes, your doctor might suggest Humulin N as a treatment option for you. Humulin N is a medication available from pharmacies with or without a prescription. It’s used to manage blood sugar levels in adults and children with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. You’ll likely use Humulin N long term if you and your doctor agree it’s working well for you. Diabetes is a chronic (long-term) condition that causes high blood sugar levels. Left untreated, this can damage many parts of your body, i

Arava and Dosage: Strengths, Form, How to Take, and More

If you have rheumatoid arthritis, your doctor might suggest Arava as a treatment option for you. Arava is a prescription medication that’s used to treat rheumatoid arthritis in adults. Arava belongs to a group of drugs called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). The active ingredient in Arava is leflunomide. This means leflunomide is the ingredient that makes Arava work. This article describes the dosages of Arava, as well as its strengths and how to take the drug. To learn more about

Lynparza: Side Effects and What to Do About Them

If you have certain cancers, your doctor might suggest Lynparza (olaparib) as a treatment option for you. It’s a prescription medication used to treat certain types of the following cancers in adults: Lynparza comes as a tablet that you swallow. It contains the active drug olaparib. This drug is not currently available as a generic. Lynparza is typically used as a long-term treatment. You and your doctor will decide how well Lynparza is working for you and how long you’ll take it. For more infor

Vivitrol Side Effects: What They Are and How to Manage Them

If you have certain substance use disorders, your doctor might suggest Vivitrol as a treatment option for you. It’s a prescription medication used in adults to: • treat alcohol use disorder in people who have stopped drinking alcohol and aren’t in the hospital for treatment • prevent opioid dependence in people who have detoxed (had opioids cleared from their system) Vivitrol comes as a liquid suspension that a healthcare professional injects into a muscle. The active drug* in Vivitrol, naltrexo

Tradjenta Dosage: Form, Strength, How to Take, and More

If you have type 2 diabetes, your doctor may suggest Tradjenta as a treatment option. It’s a prescription drug used to treat high blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. It’s meant to be used along with diet and exercise. Tradjenta comes as a tablet that you swallow. The active ingredient in this medication is linagliptin. (This is the ingredient that makes Tradjenta work.) Tradjenta belongs to a group of drugs called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. These drugs help your body rele

Myrbetriq: Side Effects, Dosage, Uses, and More

If you have certain conditions that cause overactive bladder, your doctor may suggest Myrbetriq. It’s a prescription medication used to treat the following conditions: • Overactive bladder (OAB). Myrbetriq is prescribed to treat OAB in adults with symptoms of urinary frequency, incontinence, or urgency. For this use, Myrbetriq may be prescribed alone or together with the drug solifenacin (Vesicare). • Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). Myrbetriq is prescribed to treat NDO in some children.

Lialda and Dosage: Strength, Form, How to Take, and More

If you have ulcerative colitis (UC), your doctor may suggest Lialda (mesalamine) as a treatment option. It’s a prescription medication used to treat mild to moderate UC in adults and some children. Lialda belongs to a group of drugs called aminosalicylates, which help decrease inflammation in your intestines. Lialda comes as a tablet you take by mouth. This article describes the dosages of Lialda, as well as its form, strength, and how to take it. To learn more about Lialda, see this in-depth ar

Apriso Dosage: Form, Strength, How to Take, and More

If you have ulcerative colitis, your doctor might suggest Apriso (mesalamine) as a treatment option for you. Apriso is a prescription medication that’s used to treat ulcerative colitis in adults. It belongs to a group of drugs called aminosalicylates. Apriso comes as a capsule that you take by mouth. This article describes the dosage of Apriso, including its form, strength, and how to take the drug. To learn more about Apriso, see this in-depth article. Note: This article covers Apriso’s typical

Ajovy Dosage: Forms, Strength, How to Use, and More

If you have migraine, your doctor might suggest Ajovy (fremanezumab-vfrm) as a treatment option. Ajovy is a prescription medication that’s used to help prevent migraine headaches in adults. This article describes the dosages of Ajovy, as well as its forms, strength, and how to take the drug. To learn more about Ajovy, see this in-depth article. Note: This article covers the typical dosages of Ajovy injections. These dosages are provided by the drug’s manufacturer. But when using Ajovy, always ta
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Medical Reviews on Medical News Today

Orilissa: Side effects, dosage, uses, and more

Orilissa (elagolix) is a brand-name prescription medication that’s used to treat moderate to severe pain caused by endometriosis in adult females.* Orilissa comes as a tablet that’s taken by mouth once or twice daily. The tablet is available in two strengths: 150 mg and 200 mg. In clinical studies, Orilissa reduced symptoms of dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) in 43% to 72% of females with endometriosis after three months of treatment. It also reduced pelvic pain that was not related to menstr

Linzess: Side effects, dosage, uses, alternatives, and more

Linzess can cause mild or serious side effects. They may vary depending on which condition the drug is used to treat. The following lists contain some of the key side effects that may occur while taking Linzess. These lists do not include all possible side effects. For more information about the possible side effects of Linzess, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. They can give you tips on how to manage any side effects that may be concerning or bothersome. Note: The Food and Drug Administratio

Vivitrol side effects: What they are and what to do about them

Vivitrol (naltrexone) is a brand-name prescription medication. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved it for the following uses in adults: • To treat alcohol dependence (also called alcohol use disorder). Vivitrol is approved to help prevent people from consuming alcohol after they’ve quit drinking. • To treat opioid dependence (also called opioid use disorder). Vivitrol is approved to help prevent people from taking opioids after they’ve stopped taking them. Vivitrol is a long-term

Monjuvi: How it works, side effects, cost, uses, and more

Monjuvi is a brand-name prescription medication that’s FDA-approved to treat diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in adults. Lymphoma is cancer that affects a type of white blood cell called a lymphocyte. DLBCL is a specific type of lymphoma that affects a group of lymphocytes known as B cells. DLBCL is a kind of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. To be specific, Monjuvi is used for DLBCL that has relapsed (returned) or is refractory (hasn’t responded to past treatments). Monjuvi is prescribed in combinatio

Nexlizet: Side effects, costs, uses, dosage, and more

Nexlizet is a brand-name prescription drug. It’s FDA-approved to help reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol,* also known as “bad” cholesterol. This medication should be used along with a low cholesterol diet and a statin drug. Nexlizet is approved for this use in adults with either of the following conditions: • heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH), an inherited condition that causes high cholesterol * It’s not known if Nexlizet can decrease the risk of heart problems and

Revlimid and dosage: Strengths, form, when to take, and more

Revlimid (lenalidomide) is a brand-name prescription medication. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved it to treat certain types of the following cancers: Revlimid is for use in adults. It’s available as an oral capsule. Revlimid is a type of drug called a thalidomide analogue because it’s similar to a drug called thalidomide. Revlimid is not available as a generic medication. For information about the dosage of Revlimid, including its strengths and how to take the drug, keep readi

Lialda: Side effects and how to manage them

Lialda (mesalamine) is a brand-name prescription medication. It’s approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat ulcerative colitis (UC). It can be used in adults and in children who weigh at least 24 kilograms (about 53 pounds). UC is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. It causes swelling and ulcers (sores) in your colon (large intestine) and rectum. UC is a chronic (long-term) condition, and you’ll likely take Lialda long term if you and your doctor agree that it’s effective for

Lialda dosage: Form, strength, how to take, and more

Lialda (mesalamine) is a prescription brand-name medication. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved it to treat ulcerative colitis in adults and certain children. To use this drug, children must weigh at least 24 kilograms, which is about 53 pounds. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic (long-term) condition. You’ll likely take Lialda long term if you and your doctor agree that it’s working to ease your symptoms. Lialda comes as delayed-release oral tablets. (Delayed-release means that th

Lialda (mesalamine): Side effects, dosage, cost, and more

Lialda is a brand-name prescription medication. It’s used to treat ulcerative colitis in adults and some children. Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. It causes inflammation (swelling) and small sores called ulcers in the lining of your colon (large intestine). Symptoms include abdominal (belly) pain and diarrhea that contains blood or mucus. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic (long-term) condition, and your symptoms may change over time. You may have periods when the diseas

Kesimpta (ofatumumab): Side effects, cost, dosage, and more

Kesimpta is a brand-name prescription medication. It’s FDA-approved to treat certain forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) in adults. MS is a condition that affects your brain and spinal cord. It can cause symptoms such as vision changes, difficulty walking, and fatigue (lack of energy). To be specific, Kesimpta is approved to treat: • Relapsing-remitting MS. Withrelapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), the condition wavers between stages of remission and relapse. During remission, you have few or no symptoms.

Lynparza (olaparib): Side effects, cost, dosage, and more

Lynparza can cause mild or serious side effects. The following lists contain some of the key side effects that may occur while taking Lynparza. These lists do not include all possible side effects. For more information on the possible side effects of Lynparza, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. They can give you tips on how to deal with any side effects that may be bothersome. Note: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tracks side effects of drugs they have approved. If you would like to rep

Trodelvy: Cost, how it works, dosage, side effects, and more

• Locally advanced* or metastatic† triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC)‡ that’s unresectable (not able to be treated with surgery). Specifically, the drug is used in adults who’ve received at least two systemic therapies (treatment that affects your whole body). And at least one of the therapies was for metastatic cancer treatment. • Locally advanced or metastatic urothelial (bladder) cancer (mUC). Specifically, the drug is used in adults who’ve taken platinum-based chemotherapy and certain ot

Trokendi XR side effects: How to manage them

Trokendi XR can cause certain side effects, some of which are more common than others. These side effects may be temporary, lasting a few days to weeks. But if the side effects last longer than that, bother you, or become severe, be sure to talk with your doctor or pharmacist. Keep in mind that common side effects of Trokendi XR can vary depending on which condition the drug is being taken for. Trokendi XR is an extended-release* form of the active drug topiramate. The side effects of Trokendi X

Viibryd (vilazodone): Side effects, dosage, alternatives, and more

Viibryd can cause mild or serious side effects. The following lists contain some of the key side effects that may occur while taking Viibryd. These lists don’t include all possible side effects. For more information on the possible side effects of Viibryd, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. They can give you tips on how to deal with any side effects that may be bothersome. The more common side effects of Viibryd, discussed in “Side effect details” below, can include: • digestive system problem

Zydelig side effects: What they are and how to manage them

Zydelig (idelalisib) is a brand-name prescription medication. It’s approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat the following types of cancer in adults in certain situations: Zydelig is used to treat cancers that have relapsed. The term “relapsed” means the cancer improved with treatment, but then it returned or worsened. Zydelig is typically prescribed as a long-term treatment. Here are some other fast facts about Zydelig: Like other drugs, Zydelig can cause side effects. Read on

Entyvio side effects: What they are and what to do about them

Entyvio (vedolizumab) is a prescription brand-name medication. It’s approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat moderate to severe Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis in adults. It’s given when other medications haven’t relieved your symptoms enough. If you and your doctor agree that Entyvio is safe and effective for you, you’ll likely receive the medication long term. Here are some fast facts about Entyvio: • Drug form: single-dose vial of powder that’s used to form a solution

Valtoco: Dosage, price, side effects, how to take, and more

Valtoco (diazepam nasal spray) is a brand-name prescription medication. It’s FDA-approved as a “rescue” (short-term) treatment for seizure clusters. The drug is prescribed for adults and children ages 6 years and older with epilepsy. Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes seizures. During a seizure, your brain cells send signals much faster than usual. With seizure clusters, you have two or more seizures within a 24-hour period. Seizure clusters are unpredictable, and they’re different from yo

Invokana side effects: What they are and how to manage them

Invokana (canagliflozin) is a prescription brand-name medication. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved it for the following uses in adults with type 2 diabetes: • to lower blood sugar levels, along with diet and exercise • to reduce the risk of serious cardiovascular problems, such as a heart attack, in people with cardiovascular disease • to reduce the risk of certain complications of diabetic nephropathy with high levels of the protein albumin in the urine For each of the uses a

Actemra side effects: What they are and how to manage them

Actemra (tocilizumab) is a prescription, brand-name medication. It’s approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat the following conditions in certain situations: • interstitial lung disease that’s linked to systemic sclerosis (also known as scleroderma that affects the whole body) in adults • cytokine release syndrome in certain adults and children ages 2 years and older • polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), which affects five or more joints, in children ages 2 year

Exemestane and cost: Generic, brand name, and more

Exemestane is a generic prescription medication. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved it for: Exemestane is used in females* who’ve gone through menopause and have tried the medication tamoxifen (Soltamox) to treat their breast cancer. For more information about exemestane’s uses, talk with your doctor. * Sex and gender exist on spectrums. Use of the term “female” in this article refers to sex assigned at birth. Here are some details about exemestane: Read on to learn about exemes
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